United States

Securities and Exchange Commission

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

[X] QUARTERLY PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the quarterly period: March 31, 2018

 

Or

 

[  ] TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period ended:

 

Q2Earth, Inc.

(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its Charter)

 

Delaware   000-55148   20-1602779
(State or Other Jurisdiction
of Incorporation)
  (Commission
File Number)
  (I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)

 

420 Royal Palm Way, #100

Palm Beach, FL 33480

(Address of Principal Executive Offices)

 

(561) 693-1423

(Registrant’s Telephone Number, including area code)

 

(Former name or former address, if changed since last report.)

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act: None

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: Common Stock, par value $0.0001

 

Indicate by check mark if the Registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes [  ] No [X]

 

Indicate by check mark if the Registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act. Yes [  ] No [X]

 

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes [X] No [  ]

 

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.

(1) Yes [X] No [  ]           (2) Yes [X] No [  ]

 

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company:

 

Large accelerated filer [  ] Accelerated filer [  ]
Non-accelerated filer [  ] Smaller reporting company [X]
Emerging growth company [  ]    

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act [  ]

 

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).

Yes [  ] No [X]

 

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the registrant’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date:

 

May 15, 2018: Common – 48,384,009

 

Documents incorporated by reference: None.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Q2EARTH, INC.

(F/K/A Q2POWER TECHNOLOGIES, INC.)

FORM 10-Q

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

  Page
PART I FINANCIAL INFORMATION  
   
FORWARD LOOKING STATEMENTS 3
   
JUMPSTART OUR BUSINESS STARTUPS ACT DISCLOSURE 3
   
PART I – FINANCIAL STATEMENTS 5
   
ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS 5
   
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets at March 31, 2018 (Unaudited) and December 31, 2017 5
   
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017 (unaudited) 6
   
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017 (unaudited) 7
   
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited) 8
   
ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND PLAN OF OPERATIONS 20
   
ITEM 3. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK 26
   
ITEM 4. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES PART II – OTHER INFORMATION 26
   
ITEM 1. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS 28
   
ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS 28
   
ITEM 2. UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS 28
   
ITEM 3. DEFAULTS UPON SENIOR SECURITIES 28
   
ITEM 5. OTHER INFORMATION 28
   
ITEM 6. EXHIBITS 28
   
SIGNATURES 30

 

2

 

 

FORWARD LOOKING STATEMENTS

 

This Quarterly Report contains certain forward looking statements, as defined in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, including or related to our future results, events and performance (including certain projections, business trends and assumptions on future financings), and our expected future operations and actions. In some cases, you can identify forward-looking statements by the use of words such as “may,” “should,” “plan,” “future,” “intend,” “could,” “estimate,” “predict,” “hope,” “potential,” “continue,” “believe,” “expect” or “anticipate” or the negative of these terms or other similar expressions. These forward-looking statements generally relate to our plans and objectives for future operations and are based upon management’s reasonable estimates of future results or trends. In evaluating these statements, you should specifically consider the risks that the anticipated outcome is subject to, including the factors discussed under “ Risk Factors ” in previous filings and elsewhere. These factors may cause our actual results to differ materially from any forward-looking statement. Actual results may differ from projected results due, but not limited to, unforeseen developments, including those relating to the following:

 

  We fail to raise capital;
  We fail to implement our business plan;
  We fail to complete acquisitions or fail to integrate acquired companies successfully;
  We fail to compete at producing cost effective products;
  Market demand does not materialize for compost and manufactured soils;
  The availability of additional capital at reasonable terms to support our business plan;
  Economic, competitive, demographic, business and other conditions in our markets;
  Changes or developments in laws, regulations or taxes;
  Actions taken or not taken by third-parties, including our suppliers and competitors;
  The failure to acquire or the loss of any license or patent;
  The failure to obtain or loss of a permit or operating license;
  Changes in our business strategy or development plans;
  The availability and adequacy of our cash flow to meet our requirements; and
  Other factors discussed under the section entitled “RISK FACTORS” in previous filings or elsewhere herein.

 

You should read this Quarterly Report completely and with the understanding that actual future results may be materially different from what we expect. Although we believe that the expectations reflected in the forward-looking statements are reasonable, we cannot guarantee future results, levels of activity, future financings, performance, or achievements. Moreover, we do not assume any responsibility for accuracy and completeness of such statements in the future. We do not plan to update any of the forward-looking statements after the date of this Quarterly Report to conform such statements to actual results.

 

JUMPSTART OUR BUSINESS STARTUPS ACT DISCLOSURE

 

We qualify as an “emerging growth company,” as defined in Section 2(a)(19) of the Securities Act by the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act (the “JOBS Act”). An issuer qualifies as an “emerging growth company” if it has total annual gross revenues of less than $1.0 billion during its most recently completed fiscal year, and will continue to be deemed an emerging growth company until the earliest of:

 

  the last day of the fiscal year of the issuer during which it had total annual gross revenues of $1.0 billion or more;
     
  the last day of the fiscal year of the issuer following the fifth anniversary of the date of the first sale of common equity securities of the issuer pursuant to an effective registration statement;
     
  the date on which the issuer has, during the previous three-year period, issued more than $1.0 billion in non-convertible debt; or
     
  the date on which the issuer is deemed to be a “large accelerated filer,” as defined in Section 240.12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

3

 

 

As an emerging growth company, we are exempt from various reporting requirements. Specifically, we are exempt from the following provisions:

 

  Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, which requires evaluations and reporting related to an issuer’s internal controls;
     
  Section 14A(a) of the Exchange Act, which requires an issuer to seek shareholder approval of the compensation of its executives not less frequently than once every three years; and
     
  Section 14A(b) of the Exchange Act, which requires an issuer to seek shareholder approval of its so-called “golden parachute” compensation, or compensation upon termination of an employee’s employment.

 

Under the JOBS Act, emerging growth companies may delay adopting new or revised accounting standards that have different effective dates for public and private companies until such time as those standards apply to private companies.

 

Smaller Reporting Company

 

We are subject to the reporting requirements of Section 13 of the Exchange Act, and subject to the disclosure requirements of Regulation S-K of the SEC, as a “smaller reporting company.” That designation will relieve us of some of the informational requirements of Regulation S-K.

 

Sarbanes/Oxley Act

 

Except for the limitations excluded by the JOBS Act discussed under the preceding heading “Emerging Growth Company,” we are also subject to the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. The Sarbanes/Oxley Act created a strong and independent accounting oversight board to oversee the conduct of auditors of public companies and strengthens auditor independence. It also requires steps to enhance the direct responsibility of senior members of management for financial reporting and for the quality of financial disclosures made by public companies; establishes clear statutory rules to limit, and to expose to public view, possible conflicts of interest affecting securities analysts; creates guidelines for audit committee members’ appointment, compensation and oversight of the work of public companies’ auditors; management assessment of our internal controls; prohibits certain insider trading during pension fund blackout periods; requires companies and auditors to evaluate internal controls and procedures; and establishes a federal crime of securities fraud, among other provisions. Compliance with the requirements of the Sarbanes/Oxley Act will substantially increase our legal and accounting costs.

 

Exchange Act Reporting Requirements

 

Section 14(a) of the Exchange Act requires all companies with securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Exchange Act like we are to comply with the rules and regulations of the SEC regarding proxy solicitations, as outlined in Regulation 14A. Matters submitted to shareholders at a special or annual meeting thereof or pursuant to a written consent will require us to provide our shareholders with the information outlined in Schedules 14A (where proxies are solicited) or 14C (where consents in writing to the action have already been received or anticipated to be received) of Regulation 14, as applicable; and preliminary copies of this information must be submitted to the SEC at least 10 days prior to the date that definitive copies of this information are forwarded to our shareholders. We are also required to file annual reports on Form 10-K and quarterly reports on Form 10-Q with the SEC on a regular basis, and will be required to timely disclose certain material events (e.g., changes in corporate control; acquisitions or dispositions of a significant amount of assets other than in the ordinary course of business; and bankruptcy) in a Current Report on Form 8-K.

 

Reports to Security Holders

 

You may read and copy any materials that we file with the SEC at the SEC’s Public Reference Room at 100 F Street, N.E., Washington, D.C. 20549. You may also find all of the reports that we have filed electronically with the SEC at their Internet site www.sec.gov.

 

4

 

 

PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

Item 1: Financial StatementS

 

Q2EARTH, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

 

    March 31, 2018     December 31, 2017  
    (unaudited)        
ASSETS                
                 
CURRENT ASSETS                
Cash   $ 111,060     $ 298,673  
Prepaid expenses     6,951       5,833  
TOTAL CURRENT ASSETS     118,011       304,506  
                 
PROPERTY AND EQUIPMENT, NET     487       553  
                 
TOTAL ASSETS   $ 118,498     $ 305,059  
                 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ DEFICIT                
                 
CURRENT LIABILITIES                
Accounts payable and accrued expenses   $ 147,661     $ 111,396  
Debentures     165,000       165,000  
Deferred revenue and license deposits     10,064       10,064  
TOTAL CURRENT LIABILITIES     322,725       286,460  
                 
Convertible bridge notes, at fair value     2,890,000       3,270,000  
                 
TOTAL LIABILITIES     3,212,725       3,556,460  
                 
Redeemable convertible preferred stock - Series A; $0.0001 par value, 1,500 designated Series A, 600 shares issued and outstanding (liquidation preference of $685,480)     685,480       670,773  
                 
STOCKHOLDERS’ DEFICIT                
Preferred stock, $0.0001 par value; 5,000,000 shares authorized, no shares issued and outstanding     -       -  
Common stock, $0.0001 par value, 100,000,000 shares authorized, 48,384,009 shares issued and outstanding at March 31, 2018, and December 31, 2017     4,838       4,838  
Additional paid-in capital     6,067,684       6,046,749  
Subscription receivable     (3,787 )     (3,787 )
Accumulated deficit     (9,848,442 )     (9,969,974 )
TOTAL STOCKHOLDERS’ DEFICIT     (3,779,707 )     (3,922,174 )
                 
TOTAL LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ DEFICIT   $ 118,498     $ 305,059  

 

See notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

5

 

 

Q2EARTH INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(UNAUDITED)

 

    For the three months ended  
    March 31,  
    2018     2017  
             
REVENUES   $ -     $ -  
COST OF REVENUES     -       -  
Gross profit     -       -  
                 
EXPENSES                
Payroll     80,431       44,778  
Professional fees     137,294       51,737  
General and administrative     36,618       43,968  
Total Expenses     254,343       140,483  
                 
LOSS FROM OPERATIONS     (254,343 )     (140,483 )
                 
OTHER INCOME (EXPENSE)                
Financing costs including interest     (71,000 )     (46,233 )
Gain on extinguishment of liabilities     -       306,262  
Change in fair value of convertible bridge notes     446,875       -  
Total Other Income     375,875       260,029  
                 
INCOME BEFORE INCOME TAXES     121,532       119,546  
                 
INCOME TAXES     -       -  
                 
NET INCOME     121,532       119,546  
                 
PREFERRED STOCK                
Series A convertible contractual dividends     (13,644 )     (9,074 )
                 
NET INCOME ATTRIBUTABLE TO COMMON STOCKHOLDERS   $ 107,888     $ 110,472  
                 
NET INCOME ATTRIBUTABLE TO COMMON STOCKHOLDERS: BASIC AND DILUTED   0.01     $   0.01  
                 
WEIGHTED AVERAGE NUMBER OF COMMON SHARES OUTSTANDING:            
BASIC    

48,384,009

     

35,044,689

 
DILUTED    

48,424,918

     

35,044,689

 

 

See notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

6

 

 

Q2EARTH INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(UNAUDITED)

 

    For the three months ended  
    March 31,  
    2018     2017  
             
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES                
Net Income   $ 121,532     $ 119,546  
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash used in operations:                
Depreciation and amortization     66       11,421  
Amortization of stock option grants and restricted stock unit grants     34,579       34,608  
Gain on extinguishment of liabilities     -       (306,262)  
Paid-in-kind interest – convertible bridge notes     68,125       -  
Change in fair value of convertible bridge notes     (446,875 )     -  
Amortization of preferred stock discount     1,062       34,661  
Amortization of debt issuance costs     (1,249 )       -
Changes in operating assets and liabilities                
Decrease in prepaid expenses     (1,118 )     3,772  
Increase in accounts payable and accrued expenses     36,265       83,297  
Net cash used in operating activities     (187,613 )     (18,957 )
                 
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES                
Payment on capitalized lease     -       (600 )
Proceeds from notes payable - related parties, net of issuance costs     -       18,100  
Proceeds from convertible bridge notes, net of issuance costs     -       1,000,000  
Net cash provided by financing activities     -       1,017,500  
                 
NET (DECREASE) INCREASE IN CASH     (187,613 )     998,543  
                 
CASH - Beginning of period     298,673       3,330  
                 
CASH - End of period   $ 111,060     $ 1,001,873  
                 
SUPPLEMENTAL CASH FLOW DISCLOSURES:                
Payment of interest in cash   $ 681     $ 8,576  
Accrual of contractual dividends on Series A convertible preferred stock   $ 13,644     $ 9,074  
Restricted cash held in escrow by attorney from Bridge Offering   $ -     $ 50,000  
Conversion of payables, accrued interest, notes payable and notes payable - related parties to debentures   $ -     $ 168,152  

 

See notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

7

 

 

Q2EARTH INC.

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

NOTE 1 – ORGANIZATION AND DESCRIPTION OF BUSINESS

 

Q2Earth, Inc. (hereinafter the “Company”), incorporated in Delaware on August 26, 2004, is currently engaged in the business of compost and soil manufacturing, and is pursuing a plan of strategic acquisitions in this sector. The Company previously owned and licensed technology that converts waste fuels and heat to power, technology it sold to a licensee in August 2017. Formerly, the Company’s name was Q2Power Technologies, Inc., and before that, Anpath Group, Inc. (“Anpath”).

 

Q2Power Corp. (the “Subsidiary” or “Q2P”) operated as a renewable power R&D company focused on the conversion of waste to energy and other valuable “reuse” products since July 2014. The operations of the Company have from the time of the Merger (described below) until recently been essentially those of the Subsidiary. In 2017, the Company shifted its focus from technology R&D to the acquisition and operation of facilities that manufacture compost and sustainable soils from waste resources.

 

In May 2016, the Company began exploring other synergistic business lines such as compost and soil manufacturing from waste water biosolids. The Company began to phase out its R&D activities in mid-2016, and in August 2017, sold its waste-to-power technology to a licensee. The Company’s current focus is entirely on the business of compost and engineered soils manufacturing and sales.

 

NOTE 2 – BASIS OF PRESENTATION AND GOING CONCERN

 

For the three months ended March 31, 2018, the Company used cash in operating activities of $187,613. The accumulated deficit since inception is $9,848,442, which is comprised of operating losses and other expenses. These conditions raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern. There is no guarantee whether the Company will be able to generate sufficient revenue and/or raise capital sufficient to support its operations. The ability of the Company to continue as a going concern is dependent on management’s plans which include implementation of its business model to acquire cash-flowing businesses, grow revenue and earnings of those companies, and continue to raise funds through debt or equity offerings.

 

On March 31, 2017, the Company completed the first $1,050,000 tranche of a convertible bridge note offering (the “Bridge Offering”). Through the end of 2017, the Company closed an additional $600,000 of follow-on investments in the Bridge Offering. The proceeds from this offering combined with funds the Company has raised in the subsequent period (see “Note 12: Subsequent Events”) are expected to provide working capital for the Company through the second quarter of 2018, though there can be no assurances.

 

The consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of these uncertainties.

 

NOTE 3 – SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

 

Principles of Consolidation

 

The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its Subsidiary. All significant inter-company transactions and balances have been eliminated in consolidation. References herein to the Company include the Company and its Subsidiary, unless the context otherwise requires.

 

8

 

 

Cash

 

The Company considers cash, short-term deposits, and other investments with original maturities of no more than ninety days when acquired to be cash and cash equivalents for the purposes of the statement of cash flows. The Company maintains cash balances at two financial institutions and has experienced no losses with respect to amounts on deposit.

 

Revenue Recognition

 

Revenue for services from the Company’s compost and soil business includes contracts where the Company is paid to do feasibility studies, site assessment studies and other similar services in connection with a third party soil or compost manufacturing business. Revenue from such services is recognized at the date of delivery of deliverables to customers when a formal arrangement exists, the price is fixed or determinable, the delivery or milestone deliverable is completed, no other significant obligations of the Company exist, and collectability is reasonably assured. In its review, management identifies that a contract exists with a customer, identifies the performance obligations in the contract, determines the transaction price, allocates the transaction price to the performance obligations in the contract, and then recognizes revenue when the Company satisfies specific performance obligation. Payments received before all of the relevant criteria for revenue recognition are satisfied are recorded as deferred revenue.

 

Stock Based Compensation

 

The Company applies the fair value method of Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 718, “ Share Based Payment ”, in accounting for its stock-based compensation. This standard states that compensation cost is measured at the grant date based on the fair value of the award and is recognized over the service period, which is usually the vesting period. The Company values stock based compensation at the market price for the Company’s common stock and other pertinent factors at the grant date.

 

The Company accounts for transactions in which services are received from non-employees in exchange for equity instruments based on the fair value of the equity instruments exchanged, in accordance with ASC 505-50, “ Equity Based payments to Non-employees ”. The Company measures the fair value of the equity instruments issued based on the market price of the Company’s stock at the time services or goods are provided.

 

Common Stock Options

 

The Black-Scholes option pricing valuation method is used to determine fair value of these options consistent with ASC 718, “ Share Based Payment”. Use of this method requires that the Company make assumptions regarding stock volatility, dividend yields, expected term of the awards and risk-free interest rates.

 

Derivatives

 

Derivatives were recognized initially at fair value. Subsequent to initial recognition, derivatives were measured at fair value, and changes are therein generally recognized in profit or loss. In 2017, the Company early adopted Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2017-11, Earnings Per Share (Topic 260); Distinguishing Liabilities from Equity (Topic 480); Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 815) which resulted in a reclassification of the Company’s prior year derivative liabilities to equity on January 1, 2017.

 

9

 

 

Property and Equipment

 

Property and equipment are recorded at cost. Depreciation is computed on the straight-line method, based on the estimated useful lives of the assets as follows:

 

    Years
Furniture and equipment   7
Computers   5

 

Expenditures for maintenance and repairs are charged to operations as incurred.

 

Impairment of Long Lived Assets

 

The Company continually evaluates the carrying value of intangible assets and other long-lived assets to determine whether there are any impairment losses. If indicators of impairment are present and future cash flows are not expected to be sufficient to recover the assets’ carrying amount, an impairment loss would be charged to expense in the period identified. To date, the Company has not recognized any impairment charges.

 

Income Taxes

 

Income taxes are accounted for under the asset and liability method as stipulated by FASB ASC 740, “ Income Taxes ” (“ASC 740”). Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases and operating loss and tax credit carry forwards. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. Under ASC 740, the effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities or a change in tax rate is recognized in income in the period that includes the enactment date. Deferred tax assets are reduced to estimated amounts to be realized by the use of a valuation allowance. A valuation allowance is applied when in management’s view it is more likely than not (50%) that such deferred tax will not be utilized.

 

In the event that an uncertain tax position exists in which the Company could incur income taxes, the Company would evaluate whether there is a probability that the uncertain tax position taken would be sustained upon examination by the taxing authorities. Reserves for uncertain tax positions would be recorded if the Company determined it is probable that a position would not be sustained upon examination or if payment would have to be made to a taxing authority and the amount is reasonably estimated. As of March 31, 2018, the Company does not believe it has any uncertain tax positions that would result in the Company having a liability to the taxing authorities. Interest and penalties related to any unrecognized tax benefits is recognized in the consolidated financial statements as a component of income taxes.

 

Basic and Diluted Income Per Share

 

Net income per share is computed by dividing the net income less preferred dividends by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted net income per share is calculated by dividing the net income less preferred dividends by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period plus any potentially dilutive shares related to the issuance of stock options, shares from the issuance of stock warrants, shares issued from the conversion of redeemable convertible preferred stock and shares issued for the conversion of convertible debt. There were 150,000 potentially dilutive shares from common stock warrants as of March 31, 2018, calculated to have an incremental dilutive effect of 40,909 shares. There were no potentially dilutive shares as of March 31, 2017.

 

At March 31, 2018, there were the following potentially dilutive securities that were excluded from diluted net income per share because their effect would be anti-dilutive: 6,915,480 shares from common stock options, 3,568,845 shares from common stock warrants, 1,100,000 shares from the conversion of debentures, 22,387,942 shares that may be converted from the Bridge Round (based upon an assumed conversion price at March 31, 2018 of $0.094 per share), and 4,000,000 shares from the conversion of redeemable convertible preferred stock. At March 31, 2017, there were the following potentially dilutive securities that were excluded from diluted net income per share because their effect would be anti-dilutive: 6,115,480 shares from common stock options, 1,568,845 shares from common stock warrants, 785,714 shares from the conversion of debentures, and 2,857,142 shares from the conversion of redeemable convertible preferred stock.

 

10

 

 

Significant Estimates

 

U.S. Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (“GAAP”) requires the Company to make judgments, estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the consolidated financial statements, the reported amounts of revenues and expenses, cash flows and the related footnote disclosures during the period. On an on-going basis, the Company reviews and evaluates its estimates and assumptions, including, but not limited to, those that relate to the realizable value of identifiable intangible assets and other long-lived assets, the fair value of derivative liabilities and convertible bridge notes, and the assessment and recognition of income taxes and contingencies. Actual results could differ from these estimates.

 

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

 

In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-09, “ Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606) .” ASU 2014-09 eliminated transaction- and industry-specific revenue recognition guidance under current GAAP and replaced it with a principle based approach for determining revenue recognition. ASU 2014-09 requires that companies recognize revenue based on the value of transferred goods or services as they occur in the contract. The ASU also requires additional disclosure about the nature, amount, timing and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows arising from customer contracts, including significant judgments and changes in judgments and assets recognized from costs incurred to obtain or fulfill a contract. In April 2016, the FASB also issued ASU 2016-10, “ Identifying Performance Obligations and Licensing ,” implementation guidance on principal versus agent, identifying performance obligations, and licensing. The Company has completed the evaluation of this ASU impact on the results of operations and financial condition. The Company has concluded, after completing a detailed contract review, that the adoption of the new standard does not have an impact on the financial results and determined that no material adjustments were necessary to the existing accounting policies. The Company has adopted the ASU using the modified retrospective method on January 1, 2018.

 

In January 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-01, “ Recognition and Measurement of Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities ”, requiring management to address certain aspects of recognition, measurement, presentation, and disclosure of financial instruments. This ASU is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim periods within those fiscal years. The Company has assessed the impact of the ASU on its financial position, results of operations and cash flows, and has determined that such impact, if any, would be insignificant.

 

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02, “ Leases (Topic 842) ”, requiring management to recognize any right-to-use-asset and lease liability on the statement of financial position for those leases previously classified as operating leases. The criteria used to determine such classification is essentially the same as under the previous guidance, but it is more subjective. The lessee would classify the lease as a finance lease if certain criteria at lease commencement are met. This ASU is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018. The Company is currently assessing the impact of the ASU on its financial position, results of operations and cash flows.

 

In August 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-15, “ Statement of Cash Flows: Clarification of Certain Cash Receipts and Cash Payments ” (“ASU 2016-15”), which eliminates the diversity in practice related to the classification of certain cash receipts and payments in the statement of cash flows, by adding or clarifying guidance on eight specific cash flow issues: debt prepayment or debt extinguishment costs; settlement of zero-coupon debt instruments or other debt instruments with coupon interest rates that are insignificant in relation to the effective interest rate of the borrowing; contingent consideration payments made after a business combination; proceeds from the settlement of insurance claims; proceeds from the settlement of corporate-owned life insurance policies (including bank-owned life insurance policies); distributions received from equity method investees; beneficial interests in securitization transactions; and separately identifiable cash flows and application of the predominance principle. ASU 2016-15 provides for retrospective application for all periods presented. The Company adopted the standard on January 1, 2018. The adoption of this standard did not have an effect on the Company’s financial position or results of operations.

 

In May 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-09, “ Compensation - Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Scope of Modification Accounting “(“ASU 2017-09”). ASU 2017-09 provides clarity and reduces both (i) diversity in practice and (ii) cost and complexity when applying the guidance in Topic 718, Compensation-Stock Compensation, to a change to the terms or conditions of a share-based payment award. The amendments in ASU 2017-09 provide guidance about which changes to the terms or conditions of a share-based payment award require an entity to apply modification accounting in Topic 718. The Company adopted the standard on January 1, 2018. The adoption of this standard did not have an effect on the Company’s financial position or results of operations.

 

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In July 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-11, “ Earnings Per Share (Topic 260); Distinguishing Liabilities from Equity (Topic 480); Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 815).” The amendment changes the classification of certain equity-linked financial instruments (or embedded features) with down round features. The amendments also clarify existing disclosure requirements for equity-classified instruments. When determining whether certain financial instruments (or embedded features) should be classified as liabilities or equity instruments, under ASU 2017-11, a down round feature no longer precludes equity classification when assessing whether the instrument (or embedded feature) is indexed to an entity’s own stock. As a result, a freestanding equity-linked financial instrument (or embedded conversion option) no longer would be accounted for as a derivative liability at fair value solely as a result of the existence of a down round feature. The adoption of ASU 2017-11 is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2018. The Company has early adopted this standard for the year ended December 31, 2017, applying the standard retrospectively by means of a cumulative-effect adjustment to the opening balance of accumulated deficit in the amount of $388,667 as of January 1, 2017. In addition, the Company determined that the impact to the income/(loss) per share as a result of the down round features was not material. The impact to the financial statements for the three-months ended March 31, 2017 is as follows:

 

    For the three months ended  
    March 31, 2017  
    As previously reported     Adjusted  
             
Loss from operations   $ (140,483 )   $ (140,483 )
                 
Other income (expenses):                
Financing costs including interest     (46,233 )     (46,233 )
Gain on extinguishment of liabilities     306,262       306,262  
Change in fair value of derivative liabilities     66,477       -  
Total other income     326,506       260,029  
                 
Income before income taxes     186,023       119,546  
                 
Income tax     -       -  
                 
Net income     186,023       119,546  
                 
Preferred stock                
Series A convertible contractual dividends     (9,074 )     (9,074 )
                 
Net income attributable to common stockholders   $ 176,949     $ 110,472  
                 
Net income attributable to common stockholders: basic and diluted   $ 0.01     $ 0.01  
                 
Weighted average number of common shares outstanding:                
basic and diluted     35,044,689       35,044,689  

 

Concentration of Risk

 

The Company does not have any off-balance sheet concentrations of credit risk. The Company expects cash to be the asset most likely to subject the Company to concentrations of credit risk. The Company’s policy is to maintain its cash with high credit quality financial institutions to limit its risk of loss exposure.

 

NOTE 4 –PROPERTY AND EQUIPMENT, NET

 

Property and equipment, net consists of the following:

 

    March 31, 2018     December 31, 2017  
Furniture and computers   $ 1,328     $   1,328  
Total     1,328       1,328  
Accumulated depreciation     (841 )     (775 )
Net property and equipment   $ 487     $ 553  

 

Depreciation expense for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017 was $66 and $483 respectively.

 

The Company disposed of $4,927 of net property and equipment as part of the transfer of its licensing rights with Cyclone Power Technologies, Inc. (“Cyclone”) during the year ended December 31, 2017 (see Note 5).

 

NOTE 5 – CYCLONE SEPARATION, LICENSE RIGHTS AND DEFERRED REVENUE

 

In 2014, Q2P purchased for $175,000 certain licensing rights to use Cyclone’s patented technology on a worldwide, exclusive basis for 20 years with two 10-year renewal terms for Q2P’s waste heat and waste-to-power business. This agreement contained a royalty provision equal to 5% of gross sales payable to Cyclone on sales of engines derived from technology licensed from Cyclone. Also, as part of a separation agreement with Cyclone, Q2P assumed a license agreement between Cyclone and Phoenix Power Group (“Phoenix”), which included deferred revenue of $250,000 from payments previously made to Cyclone for undelivered products. The net balances as of March 31, 2018 and 2017 for the Cyclone licensing rights were $0 and $58,333, respectively; and the net balances for the Phoenix deferred revenue in the both periods were, which were included as a component of deferred revenue on the consolidated balance sheets. The licensing rights were amortized over its estimated useful life of 4 years. Amortization expense for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017 was $0 and $10,938, respectively.

 

12

 

 

On January 9, 2017, the Company transferred and assigned to Phoenix its Technology Sales Agreement with MagneGas Corporation (the “MagneGas Agreement”) to deliver a waste-to-power system to this customer. Under the MagneGas Agreement, the Company had been paid $90,000 as of the date of transfer, and $68,000 was still due from the customer based on milestones set forth in the MagneGas Agreement. Phoenix assumed the MagneGas Agreement, including deferred revenue of $50,000, with all rights to receive the future payments thereunder, and responsibility to perform the services and provide the products to the customer. The Company has no further responsibility under the MagneGas Agreement. In consideration for this transfer, Phoenix agreed that the Company had completed and satisfied all financial obligations associated with all past agreements between Phoenix and the Company, specifically: (1) $150,000 previously paid by Phoenix for durability testing of the Q2P engine, and (2) delivery by the Company of the first ten (10) Q2P engines at the rate of $10,000 per delivered Engine for $100,000 in total. This deferred revenue in the total amount of $250,000 was recorded as gain from the extinguishment of liabilities in the consolidated statement of operations for the year ended December 31, 2017.

 

On August 14, 2017, the Company closed a Technology Transfer and Assignment Agreement (the “Transfer Agreement”) with Phoenix to transfer to Phoenix all of the Company’s technology and materials associated with Q2P’s external combustion engine, controls and auxiliary systems (the “Q2P Technology”), developed both in conjunction with its license agreement with Cyclone and such other Q2P Technology developed independently from the license agreement. Pursuant to a consent from Cyclone, the Company also transferred and assigned the license agreement to Phoenix. In consideration for the transfer and assignment, which included net property and equipment of $4,927, unamortized license fees to Cyclone of $47,396 and a payment to Cyclone of $15,000 to consent to the license transfer, Phoenix satisfied and provided releases for $162,500 in past liabilities of Q2P associated with the development of the Q2P Technology, made certain other payments to the Company’s prior engine manufacturer, and provided full releases from liability from both Phoenix and Cyclone. The Company recorded a net gain from the extinguishment of liabilities of $95,178 in the consolidated statement of operations for the year ended December 31, 2017.

 

In connection with the separation agreement with Cyclone, the Company also assumed a contract with Clean Carbon of Australia and a corresponding $10,064 prepayment for services or other value to be provided in the future. This deposit has been presented as deferred revenue on the March 31, 2018 and 2017 consolidated balance sheets.

 

NOTE 6 – RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS

 

The Company currently maintains an executive office in Florida, which is leased by GreenBlock Capital LLC, an investment firm that the Company’s President serves as a Managing Director but holds no equity or voting rights. The Company has no formal agreement for this space and pays no rent. The Company also sublets office space in Atlanta, Georgia, where it pays $500 per month on a month-to-month basis. The lessor is a company that our CEO previously served as a senior executive.

 

In March 2017, all outstanding Director accounts payable, accrued expenses and notes payable – related parties with an aggregate amount of $156,368 were converted into the Company’s Bridge Offering (see Note 7).

 

In April 2017, the Company’s President forgave $112,797 of deferred salary. This amount was reclassified from accrued expenses to additional paid in capital during 2017.

 

NOTE 7 – NOTES PAYABLE AND DEBENTURES

 

In March 2017, the Company entered into a Modification and Extension Agreement with two holders of its Original Issue Discount Senior Secured Convertible Debentures (the “Debentures”) to extend the maturity date to July 31, 2017, reset the conversion price from $0.21 to $0.15, and waive any defaults under the Debentures from the expiration of the maturity date or otherwise. The exercise price of the Warrants that were issued with the Debentures’ exercise price, which had been reset to $0.50 per verbal agreement of the parties in the third quarter of 2016, was formally documented under this March 2017 modification agreement. The Debentures do not bear interest, but contained an Original Issue Discount of $20,750. All assets of the Company are secured under the Debentures, including our Subsidiary and its assets. The Debentures and warrants contain certain anti-dilutive protection provisions in the instance that the Company issues stock at a price below the stated conversion price of the Debentures, as well as other standard protections for the holder. As of December 31, 2017 and 2016, the aggregate outstanding principal amount of the two Debentures was $165,000. In March 2018, the Company and holders extended the maturity date of the Debentures until July 31, 2018 in return for a reduction of the conversion price to $0.10 per share.

 

13

 

 

On December 12, 2017, the Company paid-off in full a term loan agreement with one accredited investor in the principal amount of $150,000, initially issued in March 2016. The loan bore 20% interest with interest payments due monthly. The Company incurred loan issuance costs of 100,000 shares of common stock valued at $26,000, $3,000 cash and provided a second security interest in the assets of the Company to the holders. The issuance costs were fully expensed in 2016. On March 22, 2017, prior to repayment, the Company and the term loan holder entered into an addendum to the loan agreement which extended the maturity date to December 31, 2017, allowed for conversion of the principal amount and accrued interest at the discretion of the holder to common stock at a price of $0.15 per share, and waived all defaults in return for payment of $30,000 which included a $15,000 late penalty and $15,000 of accrued but unpaid interest. The Company determined that the new conversion feature had no intrinsic value and that the amended terms did not result in a significantly different instrument, and, accordingly, accounted for the addendum as a modification of debt. This debt was repaid in full in December 2017.

 

On March 31, 2017, the Company closed the initial $1,050,000 tranche in a Convertible Promissory Note offering (the “Bridge Offering”). In addition, as part of that initial closing, three of the Company’s directors and one shareholder converted $168,152 of prior notes and cash advances, including interest thereon, into the Bridge Offering. As of the end of 2017, an additional $600,000 was raised under the Bridge Offering and $23,756 of additional prior notes were converted into this round.

 

The Convertible Promissory Notes (the “Notes”) from the Bridge Offering convert at a 50% discount to the post-funding valuation of the Company at the closing of its next offering in the minimum amount of $5,000,000 (the “Equity Offering”). The conversion valuation has a ceiling of $12,000,000, and a “floor” company value of $6,000,000 in the event there is no Equity Offering before the Notes are able to be converted.

 

Pursuant to ASC 825-10-25-1, Fair Value Option, the Company made an irrevocable election at the time of issuance to report the Notes at fair value, with changes in fair value recorded through the Company’s consolidated statements of operations as other income (expense) in each reporting period. The fair value recorded as of March 31, 2018 was $2,890,000 (see Note 9) and the principal amount due was $1,841,908. The change in fair value resulted in a gain in earnings for the three months ended March 31, 2018 of $446,875.

 

The Notes are currently convertible into common stock, or preferred stock if received by investors in the Equity Offering, at the discretion of each holder based on the conversion formula provided in the Notes. Maturity is 36 months from issuance with 15% annual interest which will be capitalized each year into the principal of the Notes and paid in kind. There are no warrants issued in connection with the Offering.

 

NOTE 8 – FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENT

 

The Company measures fair value in accordance with a fair value hierarchy that prioritizes the inputs to valuation techniques used to measure fair value. The hierarchy gives the highest priority to unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities (Level 1 measurements) and the lowest priority to unobservable inputs (Level 3 measurements). The three levels of the fair value hierarchy are described below:

 

  Level 1 Unadjusted quoted prices in active markets that are accessible at the measurement date for identical, unrestricted assets or liabilities;
     
  Level 2 Quoted prices in markets that are not active, or inputs that are observable, either directly or indirectly, for substantially the full term of the asset or liability; and
     
  Level 3 Prices or valuation techniques that require inputs that are both significant to the fair value measurement and unobservable (supported by little or no market activity).

 

As disclosed in Note 7, the Notes are reported at fair value, with changes in fair value recorded through the Company’s consolidated statements of operations as other income (expense) in each reporting period.

 

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The following tables set forth the Company’s consolidated financial assets and liabilities measured at fair value by level within the fair value hierarchy at March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017. Assets and liabilities are classified in their entirety based on the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurement.

 

    Fair value at                    
    March 31, 2018     Level 1     Level 2     Level 3  
Convertible bridge notes   $ 2,890,000     $ -     $ -     $ 2,890,000  
Total   $ 2,890,000     $ -     $ -     $ 2,890,000  

 

    Fair value at                    
    December 31, 2017     Level 1     Level 2     Level 3  
Convertible bridge notes   $ 3,270,000     $ -     $ -     $ 3,270,000  
Total   $ 3,270,000     $ -     $ -     $ 3,270,000  

 

There were no transfers between levels during 2017 and through March 31, 2018. However, in accordance with ASU 2017-11, “ Earnings Per Share (Topic 260); Distinguishing Liabilities from Equity (Topic 480);” Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 815), the financial instruments previously classified and fair valued as derivative liabilities due to down round features, have been retrospectively adjusted by means of a cumulative-effect to the consolidated balance sheet as January 1, 2017. The cumulative change effect of $388,667 was recognized as an adjustment of the opening balance of accumulated deficit for 2017.

 

The following tables present a reconciliation of the beginning and ending balances of items measured at fair value on a recurring basis that use significant unobservable inputs (Level 3) and the related realized and unrealized gains (losses) recorded in the consolidated statement of operations during the period. The tables also show the cumulative change effect of the derivative liabilities that were recorded as an adjustment of the opening balance of accumulated deficit for the year:

 

    Three Months Ended
March 31, 2018
 
    Convertible Bridge
Notes
 
Fair value, December 31, 2017   $ 3,270,000  
Accrued interest     68,125  
Unamortized debt issuance costs     (1,250 )
Net unrealized gain on convertible bridge notes     (446,875 )
Fair value, March 31, 2018   $ 2,890,000  

 

The Company’s convertible bridge notes are valued by using Monte Carlo Simulation methods and discounted future cash flow models. Where possible, the Company verifies the values produced by its pricing models to market prices. Valuation models require a variety of inputs, including contractual terms, market prices, yield curves, credit spreads, measures of volatility and correlations of such inputs. These convertible bridge notes do not trade in liquid markets, and as such, model inputs cannot generally be verified and do involve significant management judgment. Such instruments are typically classified within Level 3 of the fair value hierarchy. The following assumptions were used to value the Company’s convertible bridge notes at March 31, 2018: dividend yield of -0-%, volatility of 70 – 160%, risk free rate of 2.27% and an expected term of 2.0 years.

 

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NOTE 9 – COMMON STOCK, PREFERRED STOCK AND WARRANTS

 

Common Stock

 

The Company did not issue any shares of common stock in the first quarter of 2018. During 2017, the Company issued 18,738,195 shares of common stock valued at $470,279. Details of these issuances are provided below.

 

On February 27, 2017, the Company issued an aggregate of 15,000,000 shares of restricted common stock subject to forfeiture to its CEO and President. The expense of these shares is not recorded until the terms of forfeiture have been satisfied by the respective employees. Those terms of the stock issuances and forfeitures are materially as follows:

 

To fully earn 10,000,000 shares, the Company’s CEO must continue to serve with the Company for a period of at least 12 months from July 2017, during which 12 month or extended period: (1) the Company must complete at least $3 million in funding and (2) complete its first strategic acquisition. To fully earn 5,000,000 shares, the Company’s President must continue to serve the Company as a senior executive on a full-time basis for a period of at least 18 months from December 2016, during which 18 month or extended period: (1) the Company must complete at least $3 million in funding and (2) complete its first strategic acquisition. If these conditions are not met, the executives may forfeit all of their shares at the discretion of the Board.

 

In April 2017, the Company issued 1,738,195 shares of common stock valued at $260,679 as consideration for the payment of accounts payable and accrued expenses to former employees and vendors. Additionally, the Company paid $85,623 in cash and recognized a gain on extinguishment of liabilities of $33,313 in the consolidated statement of operations for the year ended December 31, 2017.

 

On May 1, 2017, the Company issued 2,000,000 shares of common stock valued at $209,600 to a consultant for investor relations services.

 

Redeemable Convertible Preferred Stock

 

The Company has 600 shares of Preferred Stock issued and outstanding, which currently are convertible at $0.10 per share of the Company’s common stock (the “Conversion Price”), as per the terms of a March 2018 Modification and Extension Agreement (the “2018 Modification”). The Preferred Stock bears a 6% dividend per annum, calculable and payable per quarter in cash or additional shares of common stock as determined in the Certificate of Designation. The Preferred Stock has no voting rights until converted to common stock, and has a liquidation preference equal to the aggregate purchase price of $600,000 plus accrued dividends. In December 2017 and January 2018, the Company was obligated to redeem all of the then outstanding Preferred Stock, for an amount in cash equal to the Two Year Redemption Amount (such redemption, the “Two Year Redemption”). The Company extended the redemption date to July 31, 2018, per the 2018 Modification. Each share of Preferred Stock received warrants (the “Warrants”) equal to one-half of the Purchase Price to purchase common stock in the Company exercisable for five (5) years following closing at a price of $0.50 per share.

 

The Preferred Stock has price protection provisions in the case that the Company issues any shares of stock not pursuant to an “Exempt Issuance” at a price below the Conversion Price. Exempt Issuances include: (i) shares of Common Stock or common stock equivalents issued pursuant to the Merger or any funding contemplated by the Merger; (ii) any common stock or convertible securities outstanding as of the date of closing; (iii) common stock or common stock equivalents issued in connection with strategic acquisitions; (iv) shares of common stock or equivalents issued to employees, directors or consultants pursuant to a plan, subject to limitations in amount and price; and (v) other similar transactions. The Certificate of Designation contains restrictive covenants not to incur certain debt, repurchase shares of common stock, pay dividends or enter into certain transactions with affiliates without consent of holders of 67% of the Preferred Stock. The holders consented to the Bridge Offering. The unconverted shares of Preferred Stock must be redeemed on July 31, 2018, per the 2018 Modification.

 

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Management has determined that the Preferred Stock is more akin to a debt security than equity primarily because it contains a mandatory 2-year redemption at the option of the holder, which only occurs if the Preferred Stock is not converted to common stock. Therefore, management has presented the Preferred Stock outside of permanent equity as mezzanine equity, which does not factor in to the totals of either liabilities or equity. In 2016, the proceeds were allocated between the three features of the stock offering: the embedded conversion feature in the Preferred Stock, the warrants, and the Preferred Stock itself. The fair values of the embedded conversion feature and warrants were recorded as a discount against the stated value of the Preferred Stock on the date of issuance. This discount was amortized to interest expense over the term of the redemption period (2 years), which would result in the accretion of the Preferred Stock to its full redemption value. Unamortized discount as of March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017 was $0 and $1,062, respectively. Interest expense related to the preferred stock discount for the three months ended March 31, 2018, and 2017 was $1,062 and $34,661, respectively.

 

In accordance with ASU 2017-11, the embedded conversion feature of the Preferred Stock previously classified and fair valued as a derivative liability has been retrospectively adjusted by means of a cumulative-effect to the consolidated balance sheet as January 1, 2017. The cumulative change effect of $42,925 is recognized as an adjustment of the opening balance of accumulated deficit for the year. The agreement setting forth the terms of the common stock warrants issued to the holders of the Preferred Stock also includes an anti-dilution provision that requires a reduction in the warrant’s exercise price, currently $0.50, should the conversion ratio of the Preferred Stock be adjusted due to anti-dilution provisions. In accordance with ASU 2017-11, these warrants previously classified and fair valued as a derivative liability have been retrospectively adjusted by means of a cumulative-effect to the consolidated balance sheet as January 1, 2017. The cumulative change effect of $69,957 is recognized as an adjustment of the opening balance of accumulated deficit for the year.

 

The Preferred Stock also carries a 6% per annum dividend calculated on the stated value of the stock and is cumulative and payable quarterly beginning July 1, 2016. These dividends are accrued at each reporting period. They add to the redemption value of the stock; however, as the Company shows an accumulated deficit, the charge has been recognized in additional paid-in capital.

 

Warrants

 

The following is a summary of all outstanding common stock warrants as of March 31, 2018:

 

    Number of
Warrants
    Exercise price
per share
    Average
remaining
term in years
 
Warrants issued in connection with issuance of Debentures     415,000     $ 0.50       1.50  
Warrants issued in connection with issuance of Preferred Stock     1,153,845     $ 0.50       2.80  
Warrants issued in connection with a services contract     1,000,000     $ 0.20       2.23  
Warrants issued in connection with a services contract     1,000,000     $ 0.35       2.23  
Warrants issued in connection with a services contract     150,000     $ 0.04       4.75  

 

NOTE 10 – STOCK OPTIONS AND RESTRICTED STOCK UNITS

 

On July 31, 2014, the Board of Directors of Q2P approved the Founders Stock Option Plan (“Founders Plan”) and the 2014 Employee Stock Option Plan (the “2014 Plan”), collectively the “Option Plans”. The Option Plans were developed to provide a means whereby directors and selected employees, officers, consultants, and advisors of the Company may be granted incentive or non-qualified stock options to purchase restricted common stock of the Company. On February 25, 2016, to accommodate the appointment of new Board members and additional incentive stock options and stock grants to key employees of the Company, the Board approved the 2016 Omnibus Equity Incentive Plan (“2016 Plan”), which allowed for an additional 4 million shares of common stock, stock options, stock rights (restricted stock units), or stock appreciation rights to be granted by the Board in its discretion.

 

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In May 2017, the Company issued 400,000 common stock options under the 2016 Plan to one new Board member and 400,000 common stock options under the 2016 Plan to one new Board of Advisor Member. The options vest one-half immediately and the balance in 6 months, with a 10-year term and exercisable at $0.21 per share. The options were valued at $96,800 (pursuant to the Black Scholes valuation model, and as shown in the table detailing the calculation of fair value below), based on an exercise price of $0.21 per share and with a maturity life of 5.25 years.

 

For the three months ended March 31, 2018, the charge to the consolidated statements of operations for the amortization of stock option grants awarded under the Option Plans and 2016 Plan and for warrants was $34,579.

 

A summary of the common stock options issued under the Option Plans and the 2016 Plan for the period from December 31, 2017 through March 31, 2018 follows:

 

    Number Outstanding     Weighted Avg. Exercise Price     Weighted Avg. Remaining Contractual Life (Years)  
Balance, December 31, 2017     6,915,480     $ 0.21       5.6  
Options issued                
Options exercised                  
Options cancelled                  
Balance, March 31, 2018     6,915,480     $ 0.21       5.3  

 

The vested and exercisable options at period end follows:

 

    Exercisable/
Vested
Options Outstanding
    Weighted Avg.
Exercise Price
    Weighted
Avg.
Remaining Contractual
Life (Years)
 
Balance, March 31, 2018     6,828,813     $ 0.21       5.6  

 

The fair value of new stock options and warrants granted using the Black-Scholes option pricing model was calculated using the following assumptions:

 

    Three Months
March 31, 2018
 
Risk free interest rate     2.33 %
Expected volatility     128 %
Expected dividend yield     0 %
Expected term in years     3.0  
Average value per options   $ 0.066  

 

Expected volatility is based on historical volatility of the Company’s own common stock. Short Term U.S. Treasury rates were utilized as the risk free interest rate. The expected term of the options was calculated using the alternative simplified method codified as ASC 718 “ Accounting for Stock Based Compensation, ” which defined the expected life as the average of the contractual term of the options and the weighted average vesting period for all issuances.

 

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NOTE 11 – COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

 

On April 1, 2017, the Company entered into two Employment Agreements, the first with its Chairman and, as of July 2017, CEO; and the second with its previous CEO and, as of July 2017, President and General Counsel. The Chairman receives a $12,500 per month fee starting April 1 and continuing until the Company raises its next round of funding in the minimum amount of $5,000,000, at which time, his base salary will be increased to $350,000 per year. The President and General Counsel receives a $10,000 per month fee starting on April 1, and at such time that the Company raises its next round of funding in the minimum amount of $5,000,000, he will receive a base salary of $220,000 per year. Both agreements have provisions for a 12-month severance in the instance either executive is terminated without cause or after a change in control; however, the CEO’s severance was extended to 24 months in the first quarter of 2018 by resolution of the Company’s Compensation Committee.

 

NOTE 12 - SUBSEQUENT EVENTS

 

In May 2018, the Board authorized and the Company commenced a follow-on round to its 2017 Bridge Offering (the “Bridge Follow-On”) in an amount of up to $300,000. The terms of this Bridge Follow-On round are identical to the 2017 Bridge Offering except the notes will have a two-year term (instead of three). As of May 15, 2018, the Company raised $40,000 from two Directors and one Board observer. Funds from this offering will be used for general working capital.

 

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Item 2: MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND PLAN OF OPERATIONS  

 

Overview

 

The following discussion contains forward-looking statements that reflect the Company’s plans, estimates and beliefs, and actual results could differ materially from those discussed in the forward-looking statements. Factors that could cause or contribute to these differences include those discussed below and elsewhere in this Quarterly Report.

 

The Company’s operating subsidiary, Q2P, was originally formed in April 2010 in the state of Florida as a limited liability company called “Cyclone-WHE LLC.” The purpose of the Company at such time was essentially the same as it was through most of 2016: to complete research and development on its waste-to-power technology with the goal of pursuing business opportunities in the renewable power sector. The Company re-domiciled to Delaware as a corporation in April 2014, formally split from its former parent in July 2014, and changed its name to “Q2Power Corp.” in February 2015. It is licensed to do business in Florida, where it maintains an office.

 

On November 12, 2015, Q2P consummated its Agreement and Plan of Merger (the “Merger Agreement”) with the Company (then called Anpath Group, Inc.) and the Company’s newly formed and wholly-owned subsidiary, AnPath Acquisition Sub, Inc., a Delaware corporation (“Merger Subsidiary”), resulting in the Merger Subsidiary merging with and into Q2P. As a result, Q2P was the surviving company and a wholly-owned subsidiary of AnPath (the “Merger”). As a result of the Merger, all outstanding shares of Q2P were exchanged for 24,034,475 shares of the Company’s common stock, representing approximately 93% of the total issued and outstanding common stock of the Company, excluding stock options, warrants and convertible notes outstanding at such time. In addition, the Company assumed both the Q2P 2014 Founders Stock Option Plan and the 2014 Employees Stock Option Plan (the “Option Plans”), and 1,095,480 options outstanding thereunder. As of the date of the Merger, the officers and directors of Q2P took over the management and Board of Directors of the Company.

 

In connection with the Merger, the Company sold the former operating entity of Anpath, ESI, to three former officers and shareholders of Anpath in exchange for the return of 470,560 shares of common stock of the Company and ESI retaining all of the old liabilities of ESI including a litigation judgment. In December 2015, the Company officially changed its name to Q2Power Technologies, Inc. to reflect the new business direction of the Company – that of Q2P – after the Merger. In February 2016, the Company changed its fiscal year end from March 31 to December 31 to reflect the year-end of its operating Subsidiary, and up-listed its common stock to the OTCQB. The financial statements and footnotes to the financial statements reflect this change of fiscal year end. On August 18, 2017, the Company changed its name to Q2Earth, Inc.

 

Since May 2016, the Company began to pursue opportunities in business of manufacturing of compost and soils from yard waste, biosolids and other waste streams. In the second quarter of 2017, the Company received and fulfilled its first paid services contract to provide a feasibility study for the manufacturing of soils from a large-scale development project; signed two letters of intent providing for an exclusivity period to acquire two separate compost manufacturing companies in the southeastern United States, and executed a definitive purchase agreement with one of those companies (described below).

 

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Term Sheets and Exclusivities. The Company currently has three letters of intent and/or exclusivity agreements with three compost manufacturing companies in Florida, Georgia and Texas. Management is in different stages of due diligence and definitive contract negotiation with these companies, with the intention of having all three companies in a position to close under acquisition in 2018. Management can make no guaranty that these acquisitions will close due to many factors including failure to raise required funding, failure to reach definitive agreements, and findings of items in the diligence process that would make closing not in the best interests of the Company.

 

Sale of Engine Technology. On August 14, 2017, the Company closed a Technology Transfer and Assignment Agreement (the “Transfer Agreement”) with Phoenix Power Group LLC (“Phoenix”) to transfer to Phoenix all of the Company’s technology and materials associated with Q2P’s external combustion engine, controls and auxiliary systems (the “Q2P Technology”), developed both in conjunction with its license agreement with Cyclone Power Technologies, Inc. (“Cyclone”) and such other Q2P Technology developed independently from the license agreement. Pursuant to a consent from Cyclone, the Company also transferred and assigned the license agreement to Phoenix. In consideration for the transfer and assignment, which included net property and equipment of $4,927, unamortized license fees to Cyclone of $47,396 and a payment to Cyclone of $15,000 to consent to the transfer, Phoenix satisfied and provided releases for $162,500 in past liabilities of Q2P associated with the development of the Q2P Technology, made certain other payments to the Company’s prior engine manufacturer, and provided full releases from liability from both Phoenix and Cyclone. The Company recorded a net gain from the extinguishment of liabilities of $95,178 in the consolidated statement of operations for the year ended December 31, 2017.

 

Moving forward, the Company intends focus entirely on the business of compost and engineered soils manufacturing and sales.

 

Bridge Offering . In May 2017, the Company completed its Convertible Promissory Note “Bridge” offering (the “Bridge Offering”) with $1,450,000 of new cash raised and an additional $191,908 in old debt converted into the round. The Company raised an additional $200,000 in a follow-on Bridge Offering on the same terms in September 2017. Discussion of the Bridge Offering is provided in “Financial Condition, Liquidity and Capital Resources”.

 

In May 2018, the Board authorized and the Company commenced a follow-on round to its 2017 Bridge Offering (the “Bridge Follow-On”) in an amount of up to $300,000. The terms of this Bridge Follow-On round are identical to the 2017 Bridge Offering except the notes will have a two-year term (instead of three). As of May 15, 2018, the Company raised $40,000 from two Directors and one Board observer. Funds from this offering will be used for general working capital. Funds from the Bridge Offering and Bridge Follow-On are sufficient to provide for operations for the Company through the second quarter of 2018, including advancing its strategy to acquire cash-flowing composting businesses.

 

A. Plan of Operation

 

In the second half of 2016, the Company announced that it had taken several important steps to expand its business model into the commercial composting and sustainable soils sector. This included starting an alliance with a leading company in this space based in Georgia and adding a key advisor with over 40 years of experience in this industry to our team. Two of the Company’s independent Directors also have significant experience and contacts in waste water, biosolids, waste management and other areas that are synergistic and overlapping with composting.

 

In 2016, the Company, ERTH Products LLC and Exceptional Products Inc. (the “ERTH Companies”), entered into a letter of intent (the “LOI”) contemplating the acquisition of the ERTH Companies by the Company. The ERTH Companies, based in Georgia, manufacture agricultural compost and engineered soils for the construction industry from waste water biosolids. The Company also added Wayne King Sr., the founder of the ERTH Companies, to the Company’s Board of Advisors. The exclusivity period of this LOI has been extended from September 30, 2017 until September 30, 2018 by agreement of the parties.

 

On August 28, 2017, the Company signed a definitive Membership Purchase Agreement with Environmental Turnkey Solutions LLC (“ETS”) of Naples, Florida, and its three members to acquire 100% of the membership interests of ETS, and all subsidiaries wholly-owned by ETS. ETS is a compost and soil manufacturing company founded in 2011 that operates in an area from the Florida Keys to Sarasota, Florida. This agreement was supposed to close in the first quarter of 2018; however, due to items that Management uncovered in due diligence, and the complications such findings caused to our fund raising process, Management provided the owners of ETS with a revised valuation and purchase price offer in the first quarter of 2018. This offer has not been accepted to date, and as a result, our Board has decided to defer the closing of this transaction until a later date, if at all .

 

The Company currently has three other letters of intent and/or exclusivity agreements with three compost manufacturing companies in Florida, Georgia and Texas. Management is in different stages of due diligence and definitive contract negotiation with these companies, with the intention of having all three companies in a position to close under acquisition in 2018. Management can make no guaranty that these acquisitions will close due to many factors including failure to raise required funding, failure to reach definitive agreements, and findings of items in the diligence process that would make closing not in the best interests of the Company.

 

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In connection with these new plans the Company began to phase out its R&D overhead in 2016, including scaling back all of its engineering and technical personnel in order to dedicate more resources to pursuing partnerships and acquisitions in the compost industry. This process was completed in 2017 as discussed below.

 

In January 2017, the Company transferred its sales agreement with MagneGas to Phoenix Power Group (“Phoenix”), a licensee of the Company’s technology. Under this agreement, Phoenix assumed all responsibility and liabilities associated with delivering a waste-to-power system to the customer utilizing the Company’s technology and will receive any additional fees paid by the customer for successful performance. Phoenix released the Company of approximately $250,000 in deferred revenue liabilities in connection with this contract assignment and agreed to certain royalty fees payable to the Company for sales of the engine and system. This release from performance was recorded as a component of gain from extinguishment of liabilities in the consolidated statement of operations for the year ended December 31, 2017.

 

In August 2017, the Company closed its Transfer Agreement which transferred to Phoenix all of the Company’s technology and materials associated with the old Q2P Technology, including transferring and assigning its License Agreement with Cyclone to Phoenix. In consideration for the transfer and assignment, which included net property and equipment of $4,927, unamortized license fees to Cyclone of $47,396 and a payment to Cyclone of $15,000 to consent to the transfer, Phoenix satisfied and provided releases for $162,500 in past liabilities of Q2P associated with the development of the Q2P Technology, made certain other payments to the Company’s prior engine manufacturer, and provided full releases from liability from both Phoenix and Cyclone. The Company recorded a net gain from the extinguishment of liabilities of $95,178 in the consolidated statement of operations for the year ended December 31, 2017. Management reviewed the accounting treatment for discontinued operations in connection with this transaction and determined that such treatment would not be appropriate due to the Company’s gradual re-focusing of its business away from technology development over an 18 month period, which resulted in a minimal financial impact on the Company’s operations and financial results upon the consummation of this transaction.

 

In May 2017, the Company completed its Bridge Offering with $1,450,000 of new cash raised and an additional $191,908 in old debt converted into the round. In September 2017, the Company raised an additional $200,000 in a follow-on Bridge Offering on the same terms. Discussion of the Bridge Offering is provided in “Financial Condition, Liquidity and Capital Resources”. Funds from the Bridge Offering and those already raised in the Bridge Follow-On are sufficient to provide for operations for the Company through the second quarter of 2018, which includes advancing its strategy to acquire cash-flowing composting businesses, but not enough for closing proposed acquisitions.

 

Management is currently working on securing the next round of funding needed to close the initial projected acquisitions, but can make no guaranty that such financing can be completed on terms acceptable to the Company, if at all.

 

B . Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

Statement of Operations for the three months ended March 31, 2018 vs. 2017

 

During the quarters ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, the Company recorded no revenue.

 

The Company recorded loss from operations of $254,343 in the quarter ended March 31, 2018, an increase of $113,868 (81%) from our loss from operations of $140,483 in the same period in 2017. The change in fair value of the convertible bridge notes of $446,875 resulted in a net income of $121,532 for the three months ended March 31, 2018, an increase of $1,986 (2%) from our net income of $119,546 for the same period in 2017. Some of the principal factors behind these results included, higher payroll, professional fees, and interest in the 2018 period, offset by the change in fair value of the convertible bridge notes in 2018.

 

As noted above, included in the expenses for the quarter ended March 31, 2018 and 2017 were the following material items: payroll increased to $80,431 in 2018 from $44,778 in the prior year period (179%) and professional fees increased to $137,294 in 2018, from $51,737 in the prior year period (165%) all primarily due to the Company’s acquisition strategy.

 

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Results of Operations

 

Between July 2014 and mid-2016, the Company through Q2P primarily devoted its efforts to commercializing the Q2P engine and CHP system, developing its waste-to-power business model, and recruiting executive management and key employees. Starting in the second half of 2016, the Company began to phase out its R&D operations, and in August 2017, sold its old engine technology. The Company is now entirely focused on promoting its compost manufacturing business model, including providing soil management services and acquiring other compost manufacturing companies. As a new entity, the Company has limited current business operations and nominal assets. The Company currently operates at a loss with minimal to no revenue.

 

Since the change in business direction to focus on strategic partnerships and acquisitions in the compost and soil manufacturing space, the Company has reduced its operating expenses from approximately $150,000 per month to approximately $75,000 per month by laying-off engineering employees and terminating our R&D budget, which is off-set in part by added expenses in connection with our acquisition plans. As of the date of this Report, our CEO and President are receiving fees as consultants, even though they spend virtually all of their time on Company operations. We also have one additional financial consultant, who serves as the Principal Accounting Officer. Other expenses include legal and accounting, payment of fees for exclusivity and LOIs with acquisition targets, and other general expenses. We have also used equity, including common stock and stock options, to pay some expenses over the last year; and we reduced $423,179 in payables with settlements of stock and assets over the past year.

 

The net income for the three months ended March 31, 2018 of $121,532 was off-set primarily by non-cash operating expenses of: $34,579 in warrant grants and related amortization expense, $446,875 from the net change in fair value of the bridge subscriptions, $66 of depreciation and amortization, and a $36,265 net increase in accounts payable and accrued expenses. As a result, net cash used in operating activities amounted to $187,613 in the first quarter of 2018.

 

With respect to our technology, in January 2017, the Company transferred its sales agreement with MagneGas to Phoenix Power Group, a licensee of the Company’s technology. Under this agreement, Phoenix assumed all responsibility and liabilities associated with delivering a waste-to-power system to the customer, and will receive any additional fees paid by the customer for successful performance. Phoenix released the Company of approximately $250,000 in deferred revenue liabilities in connection with this contract assignment, and agreed to certain royalty fees payable to the Company for sales of the engine and system. In August 2017, the Company closed its Transfer Agreement which transferred to Phoenix all of the Company’s technology and materials associated with the old Q2P Technology, including transferring and assigning its License Agreement with Cyclone to Phoenix.

 

Financial Condition, Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

The Company believes its funds as of the date of this filing are sufficient to support operations through at least the second quarter of 2018. However, the Company will need to raise additional capital to close its initial acquisitions and support operations through the end of 2018; therefore, management believes there is currently substantial doubt about its ability to operate as a going concern. See “Note 2 – Basis of Presentation and Going Concern” in the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

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Since July 2014, Q2P has raised in excess of $6 million in capital over several financings, inclusive of cash invested and some debt and payables converted to stock. With these funds, the Company has been able to complete the prototype stage of its original technology, place our first operating pilot unit in the field, recruit a solid engineering and business team, and secure strong Directors with significant industry experience. Specifically with the closing of our Bridge Offering, described below, we have also been able to pivot our business model to the compost and soil manufacturing business, and secure letters of intent to acquire operating compost companies.

 

Bridge Financing. In May 2017, the Company completed its Bridge Offering with $1,450,000 of new cash raised and an additional $191,908 in old debt converted into the round. In September 2017, the Company completed an additional $200,000 follow-up Bridge Offering on the same terms.

 

The Convertible Promissory Notes (the “Notes”) convert at a 50% discount to the post-funding valuation of the Company at the closing of its next offering in the minimum amount of $5,000,000 (the “Equity Offering”). The conversion valuation has a ceiling of $12,000,000, and a “floor” company value of $6,000,000 in the event there is no Equity Offering before the Notes are able to be converted.

 

The Notes are currently convertible into common stock, or preferred stock if received by investors in the Equity Offering, at the discretion of the holder. Maturity is 36 months from issuance with 15% annual interest which will be capitalized each year into the principal of the Notes and paid in kind. There are no warrants issued in connection with the Bridge Offering.

 

The Bridge Offering was led by two accredited investors, and joined by approximately 25 additional accredited investors which included the Company’s Directors. Management conducted the Bridge Offering and no broker fees were paid in connection with the initial closing. All securities issued in the Bridge Offering and debt settlements were issued pursuant to an exemption from registration under Section 4(a)(2) under the Securities Act of 1933.

 

In May 2018, the Board authorized and the Company commenced the Bridge Follow-On in an amount of up to $300,000. The terms of this Bridge Follow-On round are identical to the 2017 Bridge Offering except the notes will have a two-year term (instead of three). As of May 15, 2018, the Company raised $40,000 from two Directors and one Board observer.

 

Funds from the Bridge Offering and Bridge Follow-On will be used to secure acquisitions of compost and soil companies with closings expected to occur concurrently with the closing of the Equity Offering, and operating capital through the second quarter of 2018. A limited portion of the funds have also been used to eliminate liabilities on the Company’s balance sheet.

 

Company’s Prior Financings.

 

Subsequent to the Merger into the public company, the Company raised $600,000 in its Series A 6% Convertible Preferred Stock (the “Preferred Stock”) from two separate accredited investors in November 2015 and January 2016, respectively. The Preferred Stock was originally convertible at $0.26 per share at the discretion of the holders, and contains price protection provisions in the instance that the Company issues shares at a lower price, subject to certain exemptions. As a result of the July 2016 common stock offering described below, the conversation price for these Preferred Shares automatically reduced to $0.21 per share, and as a result of the Bridge Offering, the conversion price was reset to $0.15 per share. Pursuant to the 2018 Modification, the conversion price is currently $0.10 per share. Preferred Stock holders also received other rights and protections including piggy-back registration rights, rights of first refusal to invest in subsequent offerings, security over the Company’s assets (secondary to the Company’s debt holders), and certain negative covenant guaranties that the Company will not incur non-ordinary debt, enter into variable pricing security sales, redeem or repurchase stock or make distributions, and other similar warranties. The Preferred Stock is redeemable on July 31, 2018 per the 2018 Modification if not converted, and has no voting rights until converted to common stock. The Preferred Stock holders also received 50% warrant coverage at an exercise price of $0.50, with a five-year term and similar price protections as in the Preferred Stock. Pursuant to agreements with the warrant holders, this conversion price remains at $0.50 as of March 31, 2018.

 

On January 11, 2016, the Company issued 100 shares of Preferred Stock to an accredited investor (the “Preferred Stock”) for $100,000. The Preferred Stock is currently convertible at $0.10 per share of the Company’s common stock (the “Conversion Price”). In total, we have 600 shares of Preferred Stock outstanding to two investors. The Preferred Stock bears a 6% dividend per annum, calculable and payable per quarter in cash or additional shares of common stock as determined in the Certificate of Designation. The Preferred Stock has no voting rights until converted to common stock, and has a liquidation preference equal to the Purchase Price.

 

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On March 15, 2016, the Company entered into a 120-day term loan agreement with one accredited investor in the principal amount of $150,000. The loan bore 20% interest with interest payments due monthly. The holders received loan issuance costs of a 100,000 share equity kicker valued at $26,000, $3,000 cash and a second security interest in the assets of the Company. This loan matured on July 15, 2016, and a 10% late penalty was assessed on July 15, 2016. On March 22, 2017, the Company and the lenders entered into an Addendum to the loan agreement which extended the maturity date to December 31, 2017, allowed for conversion at the discretion of the holders to common stock at a price of $0.15 per share, and waived all defaults in return for payment of $30,000 which included the late fee and accrued but unpaid interest. These fees and interest payments were paid in April 2017, and the loan was repaid in full in December 2017.

 

On April 29, 2016, the Company’s three independent Directors loaned to the Company a total of $60,200 pursuant to three Convertible Notes which were automatically convertible into the equity securities issued in the Company’s next financing of at least $1,000,000 at the same price and same terms. The Convertible Notes bear 8% interest and have a 10% Original Issuance Discount. The total principal amount of all three Notes was $66,000. The Notes were converted into the Bridge Offering in March 2017. In June 2016, three other shareholders of the Company provided an additional $30,000 to the Company on the same loan terms, which were also subsequently converted into the Bridge Offering.

 

In July and August 2016, the Company received subscription agreements from six accredited investors (four of whom were previous shareholders) to purchase 750,000 shares of restricted common at a price of $0.21 per share for an aggregate of $157,500, less $610 in financing costs.

 

In September 2016, the Company’s three independent Board members advanced the Company $3,000 for payment of insurance premiums. In the fourth quarter of 2016 and first quarter of 2017, the three Board members advanced an additional $29,500 to cover expenses. All of these advances were converted into the Company’s recent Bridge Offering.

 

All promissory notes and shares in these offerings were sold pursuant to an exemption from the registration requirements of the Securities Exchange Commission under Regulation D to accredited or sophisticated investors who completed questionnaires confirming their status. Unless otherwise described in this Current Report, reference to “restricted” common stock means that the shares have not been registered and are restricted from resale pursuant to Rule 144 of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended.

 

Separation from Cyclone and Related License Agreement

 

On July 28, 2014, Q2P (which at such time was called WHE Generation Corp., and renamed Q2Power Corp. on January 26, 2015) commenced operations as an independent company after receiving its initial round of seed funding and signing a formal separation agreement (the “Separation Agreement”) from Cyclone. The Separation Agreement between Q2P and Cyclone provided for a formal division of certain assets, liabilities and contracts related to Q2P’s business, as well as establishing procedures for exchange of information, indemnification of liability, and releases and waivers for the principals moving forward. As part of the separation from Cyclone, Q2P also purchased for $175,000 certain licensing rights to use Cyclone’s patented technology on a worldwide, exclusive basis for 20 years with two 10-year renewal terms for Q2P’s waste heat and waste-to-power business (the “License Agreement”).

 

Also, as part of the separation from Cyclone, Q2P assumed a license agreement between Cyclone and Phoenix Power Group, which included deferred revenue of $250,000 from payments previously made to Cyclone for undelivered products. The net balance as of March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017 for the Cyclone licensing rights was $0 in both periods. The licensing rights were amortized over its estimated useful life of 4 years.

 

Accumulated amortization for the periods ended March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017 was $0 and $0, respectively. The net balances as of March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017 for the Phoenix deferred revenue were $0 and $0, respectively, due to the release of this contract liability item with the transfer of the Magnegas contract to Phoenix in January 2017.

 

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In August 2017, the Company closed its Transfer Agreement which transferred to Phoenix all of the Company’s technology and materials associated with the old Q2P Technology, including transferring and assigning its License Agreement with Cyclone to Phoenix.

 

The Company also assumed a contract with Clean Carbon of Australia and a corresponding $10,064 prepayment for services or other value to be provided in the future. This deposit has been presented as deferred revenue on the March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017 condensed consolidated balance sheets.

 

Cash and Working Capital

 

We have incurred negative cash flows from operations since inception. As of March 31, 2018, the Company had an accumulated deficit of $9,848,442. Details of this are discussed above in the Balance Sheet disclosure.

 

Critical Accounting Policies

 

Our financial statements are prepared in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP). Disclosures regarding our Critical Accounting Policies are provided in Note 3 – Summary of Significant Accounting Policies of the footnotes to our condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

The Company did not engage in any “off-balance sheet arrangements” (as that term is defined in Item 303(a)(4)(ii) of Regulation S-K) as of March 31, 2018.

 

ITEM 3: QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

 

Not required for smaller reporting companies.

 

ITEM 4: CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

 

In connection with the preparation of this Quarterly Report, management, under the supervision and with the participation of the Company’s Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, has evaluated the effectiveness of the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures, as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), as of the end of the period covered by this Quarterly Report. Disclosure controls and procedures are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in reports filed or submitted under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized, and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms and that such information is accumulated and communicated to management, including the Chief Executive Officer and the Chief Financial Officer, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosures. Management concluded that, as of March 31, 2018, the Company’s disclosure controls and procedure were not effective based on the criteria in Internal Control – Integrated Framework issued by the COSO, version 2013.

 

Management’s Quarterly Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

 

Management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting. The Company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process, under the supervision of the Chief Executive Officer, the President and the Principal Accounting Officer, designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of the Company’s financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States (GAAP). Internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that:

 

Pertain to the maintenance of records that in reasonable detail accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the Company’s assets;

 

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Provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of the financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and the Board of Directors; and
   
  Provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the Company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.

 

Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

 

The Company’s management conducted an assessment of the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting as of March 31, 2018, based on criteria established in Internal Control – Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission in 2013 (“COSO”). As a result of this assessment, management identified certain material weaknesses in internal control over financial reporting. A material weakness is a control deficiency, or a combination of deficiencies, in internal control over financial reporting such that there is a reasonable possibility that a material misstatement of the Company’s annual or interim financial statements will not be prevented or detected on a timely basis. The identified material weakness is disclosed below:

 

Management lacks knowledge and expertise with accounting for stock-based compensation and income taxes.
   
Management does not have the adequate resources to accurately close the books and records and prepare the required financial statements and related disclosures in a timely manner.

 

As a result of the material weakness in internal control over financial reporting described above, management concluded that, as of March 31, 2018, the Company’s internal control over financial reporting was not effective based on the criteria in Internal Control – Integrated Framework issued by the COSO.

 

The Company is in the process of addressing and correcting this material weakness. Management will be diligent in its efforts to continue to improve the reporting processes of the Company, including the addition of accounting resources and the continued development of proper accounting policies and procedures.

 

This quarterly report does not include an attestation report of our independent registered public accounting firm regarding internal control over financial reporting. We were not required to have, nor have we, engaged our independent registered public accounting firm to perform an audit of internal control over financial reporting pursuant to the rules of the Securities and Exchange Commission that permit us to provide only management’s report in this annual report.

 

Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

 

There were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting, other than described below, in connection with the evaluation required by Rule 13a-15(d) of the Exchange Act that occurred during the period covered by this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

 

In July 2017, the Company created an Audit Committee by resolution of the full Board of Directors and implemented an Audit Committee Charter to provide written guidance for the Committee. Joel Mayersohn was named Chairman of the Audit Committee. Messrs. Scott Whitney and Tristan Peitz were named Committee members. All of these individuals are independent Board members. Management believes that the establishment of this independent Audit Committee will help strengthen our internal control over financial reporting in future periods.

 

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part II – other information

 

ITEM 1: LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

 

We are not a party to any pending legal proceeding and, to the knowledge of our management, no federal, state or local governmental agency is presently contemplating any proceeding against us. No director, executive officer, affiliate of ours, or owner of record or beneficially of more than five percent of our common stock is a party adverse to the Company or has a material interest adverse to us in any proceeding.

 

When the Company sold the ESI subsidiary to three former shareholders following the Merger, that company had a judgment against it from a litigation brought in the Superior Court of the County of Iredell, North Carolina, seeking payment of wages of approximately $25,000, together with vacation pay, the value of health insurance benefits and medical expenses. On April 10, 2015, the Court entered judgment against ESI in favor of the plaintiff. Claims made by the plaintiff against AnPath (the Company at that time) and certain of the officers and directors of Anpath at that time were dismissed by the Court. The Company does not believe it has any liability in this matter, and that the judgment was properly retained by ESI in the sale; however, the judgment is still outstanding and management cannot guaranty that it will not be brought back into the litigation or collection efforts in the future.

 

ITEM 1A: RISK FACTORS

 

Not required for smaller reporting companies.

 

ITEM 2: Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

 

There were no sales of unregistered securities by the Company in the first fiscal quarter of 2018 and up to the date of filing that have not been previously reported.

 

ITEM 3: DEFAULTS UPON SENIOR SECURITIES

 

None.

 

ITEM 4: MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

 

Not applicable.

 

ITEM 5: OTHER INFORMATION

 

  (a) There was no information required to be disclosed in a report on Form 8-K during the period that the Company failed to report.
     
  (b) None, not applicable.

 

ITEM 6: EXHIBITS AND FINANCIAL STATEMENT SCHEDULES

 

(a) Financial Statements.

 

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets of the Company as of March 31, 2018 (unaudited) and December 31, 2017

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations of the Company for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017 (unaudited)

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows of the Company for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017 (unaudited)

 

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited)

 

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(b) Exhibits.

 

Exhibit    
Number   Description
     
31.1   302 Certification of Kevin M. Bolin, CEO
     
31.2   302 Certification of Peter Dunleavy, Principal Accounting Officer
     
32   906 Certification

 

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SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 

    Q2EARTH INC.
       
Date:

5/15/18

By: /s/ Kevin M. Bolin
      Kevin M. Bolin
      Chief Executive Officer and Chairman

 

Date:

5/15/18

By: /s/ Peter Dunleavy
      Peter Dunleavy
      Principal Accounting Officer

 

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Exhibit 31.1

 

CERTIFICATION OF PRINCIPAL EXECUTIVE OFFICER

PURSUANT TO 18 U.S.C. SECTION 1350,

AS ADOPTED PURSUANT TO SECTION 302 OF THE

SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002

 

I, Kevin M. Bolin, certify that:

 

1. I have reviewed this quarterly report on Form 10-Q of Q2Earth, Inc. for the period ending March 31, 2018;

 

2. Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this quarterly report;

 

3. Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this quarterly report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this quarterly report;

 

4. The registrant’s other certifying officer and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal controls over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:

 

a) designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiary, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this annual report is being prepared;

 

b) designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;

 

c) evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation;

 

d) disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting;

 

5. The registrant’s other certifying officer and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent function):

 

a) all significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal controls over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and

 

b) any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal controls over financial reporting.

 

Date: May 15, 2018  
   
By: /s/ Kevin M. Bolin  
  Kevin M. Bolin  
  Chief Executive Officer  
  (Principal Executive Officer)  

 

 

 

 

 

Exhibit 31.2

 

CERTIFICATION OF PRINCIPAL FINANCIAL OFFICER

PURSUANT TO 18 U.S.C. SECTION 1350,

AS ADOPTED PURSUANT TO SECTION 302 OF THE

SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002

 

I, Peter Dunleavy, certify that:

 

1. I have reviewed this quarterly report on Form 10-Q of Q2Earth, Inc. for the period ending March 31, 2018;

 

2. Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this quarterly report;

 

3. Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this quarterly report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this quarterly report;

 

4. The registrant’s other certifying officer and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal controls over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:

 

a) designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiary, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this annual report is being prepared;

 

b) designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;

 

c) evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation;

 

d) disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting;

 

5. The registrant’s other certifying officer and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent function):

 

a) all significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal controls over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and

 

b) any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal controls over financial reporting.

 

Date: May 15, 2018  
   
By: /s/ Peter Dunleavy  
  Peter Dunleavy  
  Principal Accounting Officer  

 

 

 

 

 

Exhibit 32.1

 

CERTIFICATION OF PRINCIPAL EXECUTIVE OFFICER AND

PRINCIPAL FINANCIAL OFFICER

PURSUANT TO 18 U.S.C. SECTION 1350,

AS ADOPTED PURSUANT TO SECTION 906 OF THE

SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002

 

In connection with the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for Q2Earth, Inc., (the “Company”) for the period ended March 31, 2018, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on the date hereof (the “Report”), Kevin M. Bolin, Chief Executive Officer of the Company, and Peter Dunleavy, Principal Accounting Officer, certify pursuant to 18 U.S.C. section 1350 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 that:

 

(1) The Report fully complies with the requirements of section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934; and

 

(2) The information contained in the Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of the Company.

 

Date: May 15, 2018  
     
By: /s/ Kevin M. Bolin  
  Kevin M. Bolin  
  Chief Executive Officer  
  (Principal Executive Officer)  
     
By: /s/ Peter Dunleavy  
  Peter Dunleavy  
  Principal Accounting Officer  

 

A signed original of this written statement required by Section 906, or other document authenticating, acknowledging, or otherwise adopting the signature that appears in typed form within the electronic version of this written statement has been provided to the Company and will be retained by the Company and furnished to the Securities and Exchange Commission or its staff upon request.